This article is about the divisions of the Torah into weekly readings. For this week's Torah portion, see Torah portion
The weekly Torah portion (Hebrew: פָּרָשָׁת הַשָּׁבוּעַ Parashat ha-Shavua, popularly just parashah or parshah and also known as a Sidra) is a section of the Torah (Hebrew Bible) read in Jewish services. In Judaism, the Torah is read publicly over the course of a year, with one major portion read each week in the Shabbat morning service.
Each weekly Torah portion adopts its name from one of the first unique word or words in the Hebrew text. Dating back to the time of the Babylonian captivity (6th Century BCE), public Torah reading mostly followed an annual cycle beginning and ending on the Jewish holiday of Simchat Torah, with the Torah divided into 54 weekly portions to correspond to the lunisolar Hebrew calendar, which contains up to 55 weeks, the exact number varying between leap years and regular years.
There was also an ancient triennial cycle of readings practiced in some parts of the world. In the 19th and 20th Centuries, many congregations in the Reform and Conservative Jewish movements have implemented an alternative triennial cycle in which only one-third of the weekly parasha is read in a given year; the parashot read is still consistent with the annual cycle but the entire Torah is completed over three years.
Due to different lengths of holidays in Israel and the Diaspora, the portion that is read on a particular week will sometimes not be the same inside and outside Israel.
Division into weekly parashot
The division of parashot found in the modern-day Torah scrolls of all Ashkenazic, Sephardic, and Yemenite communities is based upon the systematic list provided by Maimonides in Mishneh Torah, Laws of Tefillin, Mezuzah and Torah Scrolls, Chapter 8. Maimonides based his division of the parashot for the Torah on the Masoretic text of the Aleppo Codex.
Table of Weekly readings
In the table, a portion which may be combined with the following portion, to compensate for the changing number of weeks in the lunisolar year, are marked with an asterisk.
|Book||Parsha Name||Parsha Portion|
|Bereishit (Genesis)||Bereishit, בְּרֵאשִׁית||Gen. 1:1-6:8|
|Chayei Sarah, חַיֵּי שָׂרָה||23:1-25:18|
|Shemot (Exodus)||Shemot, שְׁמוֹת||Ex. 1:1-6:1|
|Ki Tisa, כִּי תִשָּׂא||30:11-34:35|
|Vayikra (Leviticus)||Vayikra, וַיִּקְרָא||Lev. 1:1-5:26|
|*Acharei, אַחֲרֵי מוֹת||16:1-18:30|
|Bamidbar (Numbers)||Bamidbar, בְּמִדְבַּר||Num. 1:1-4:20|
|Devarim (Deuteronomy)||Devarim, דְּבָרִים||Deut. 1:1-3:22|
|Ki Teitzei, כִּי-תֵצֵא||21:10-25:19|
|Ki Tavo, כִּי-תָבוֹא||26:1-29:8|
|V'Zot HaBerachah, וְזֹאת הַבְּרָכָה||33:1-34:12|
- One week is always Passover and another is always Sukkot, and the final parashah, V'Zot HaBerachah, is always read on Simchat Torah. Therefore, there are in practice up to 53 available weeks for 53 portions. In years with fewer than 53 available weeks, some readings are combined to achieve the needed number of weekly readings.
- Though initially doubted by Umberto Cassuto, this has become the established position in modern scholarship. (See the Aleppo Codex article for more information.)
- Sefer Torah
- Tikkun (book)
- Torah reading
- Weekly Maqam
- 10-line Torah Portion Summary
- Google Calendar of weekly Torah portions for Diaspora
- Google Calendar of weekly Torah portions for Israel
cs:Paraša da:Parasha ja:パーラーシャー nn:Parasjá pt:Parashá ru:Недельная глава tl:Lingguhang kabahagi ng Tora yi:פרשת השבוע