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The flag of Tunisia.

The national anthem of Tunisia.

Tunisia (Arabic: تونس‎ Tūnis), officially the Tunisian Republic (الجمهورية التونسية‎ al-Jumhūriyya at-Tūnisiyya), is a country located in North Africa. It is bordered by Algeria to the west and Libya to the southeast. It is also located southwest of the island of Sicily and south of Sardinia. Its size is almost 165,000 km² with an estimated population of just over 10,300,000. Its capital is Tunis. It is the northernmost country on the African continent, and the smallest of the nations situated along the Atlas mountain range. Around forty percent of the country is composed of the Sahara desert, with much of the remainder consisting of particularly fertile soil and a 1300 km coastline. Both played a prominent role in ancient times, first with the famous Phoenician city of Carthage, then as the Africa Province which became known as the bread basket of the Roman Empire, and then as the Maghreb region of various medieval Islamic states. Tunisia ranks high among Arab and African nations in reports released by The World Economic Forum.

Religion in Tunisia

Tunisia is a Muslim-majority country, Islam is the religion of 98% of the population. The nation's constitution declares Islam to be the official state religion and requires the president to be Muslim. However, religious freedom is also enshrined within the constitutution and the government discourages women from wearing the hijab in government buildings and in public places. There are 25,000 Christians in Tunisia, including Protestants and 20,000 Roman Catholics . Judaism is the third largest religion in Tunisia, the country is home to 1,500 Jews and has one of the world's oldest synagogues. About 0.1% or less of the population of Tunisia are Buddhist.


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