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The Throne of St. Thomas is the Apostolic tradition of the Christian church in India , believed to be established by St. Thomas at the same time as Saint Paul established the church in Corinth. It is currently held by six bishops from different denominations in India. They were all once part of the same Malankara Church. During the course of time some of them joined the Catholic Church (1599), the Patrarch of Antioch (1876) and C.M.S. Anglican Church (1878).

File:Nasrani Evolution.jpg

Relationship of the Nasrani (Saint Thomas Christian) groups

Syro-Malabar Catholic Church

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Saint Thomas Christians
Malankara Church
Holy Apostolic Throne of St. Thomas
Ancient Crosses of India
Coonan Cross Oath
Synod of Diamper


St. Thomas the Apostle
Mar Sapor and Prodh
Thomas of Cana
St. Alphonsa
Blessed Kuriakose Chavara
Fr. Varghese Palakkappillil
Blessed Kunjachan
Blessed Euphrasia
Blessed Mariam Thressia
Blessed Mother Teresa
St. Francis Xavier
St. Gonsalo Garcia
Marthoma Metrans
St. Gregorios of Parumala
Antonio Francisco Xavier Alvares


Syro-Malabar Catholic Church
Syro-Malankara Catholic Church
Latin Catholic Church
Indian Orthodox Church
Jacobite Syrian Church
Malabar Independent Church
Mar Thoma Church
St. Thomas Evangelical Church
Andhra Evangelical Lutheran Church
Church of North India
Church of South India

The Syro-Malabar Catholic Church is an Eastern Catholic Church with Major Archiepiscopal Status. It is the largest among the Malankara Churches in terms of population.

    • Mar Varkey Cardinal Vithayathil

Syro-Malankara Catholic Church

The Syro-Malankara Catholic Church is an Eastern Catholic Church with a Major Archiepiscopal Status. It was established when Mar Ivanios and seven laymen and a deacon left the Malankara Syrian Orthodox Church and joined the Catholic Church in the 1930s.

Malankara Orthodox Syrian Church (Indian Orthodox Church)

The Orthodox Church upholds the Throne of Saint Thomas through the Catholicate of the East[1]. The present Catholicos is the 111th Catholicos in the lineage of Apostle Thomas.

    • His Holiness Baselios Mar Thoma Didymos I

Malankara Mar Thoma Syrian Church


Malankara Throne,The throne is believed to be used for the consecration of Mar Thoma I in 1653 and is in the possession of Mar Thoma Syrian Church

Mar Thoma Church defines itself as, Apostolic in origin, Universal in nature, Biblical in faith, Evangelical in principle, Ecumenical in outlook, Oriental in worship, Democratic in function, and Episcopal in character.[2] It is in communion with a number of member churches of World Council of Churches including the worldwide Anglican Communion.

Malabar Independent Syrian Church (Thozhiyoor Sabha)

The Malabar Independent Syrian Church (Thozhiyoor Church) is an autocephalous (independent) Oriental Orthodox in its theology, but not in communion with the Oriental Orthodox Church. This church is in communion with the Malankara Mar Thoma Syrian Church

    • Most Rev Cyril Mar Basalius Metropolitan
    • Headquarters: Thozhyoor, Kunnamkulam, Kerala, India.

St. Thomas Evangelical Church of India

St. Thomas Evangelical Church of India (STECI) is an Evangelical, Episcopal Church which firmly affirms that the Bible is the inspired, inerrant and infallible Word of God. All that is necessary for salvation and living in righteousness is given in the Bible. It further affirms that the Church has a responsibility to preach the Gospel of Jesus Christ to all the nations of the world, especially to India.

    • Bishop T C Cherian
    • Headquarters: Tiruvalla, Kerala, India.

See also


  1. List of Catholicos of the East
  2. Rev.C.P.Philipose, in Introduction to Concise History of Malankara Marthoma Church (1936) by T.C. Chacko, Page 12-13.

Notes / References