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Mormon (pronounced:ˈmɔrmən) is a prophet in The Book of Mormon after whom the book is named. According to the Introduction and the account of Joseph Smith, Jr., Mormon was the prophet-historian who engraved an abridgement of his people's history on Golden Plates. Latter Day Saints believe Mormon was a Nephite prophet who lived in the Americas during the 4th century CE.

As a narrator in the text, Mormon presents himself as a redactor. He quotes and paraphrases other writers, collects and includes whole texts by other authors, contributes running commentary (with and without identifying himself), and also writes his own narratives. He writes about the process of making the book, both in terms of editing and redacting and also in terms of engraving the words on metal plates. He alludes to content that is left out of the book, and refers to a larger collection of records at his disposal.

The Book of Mormon reports that Mormon was instructed by the prophet Ammaron where to find the records that had been passed down from their ancestors. It also claims that Mormon later abridged the near-millennium-long history of his ancestors, a more ancient people, and additional revelations into the Book of Mormon. The divisions of Mormon attributed to the prophet are the Words of Mormon and the first seven chapters of the larger book. Mormon eventually passed all of the records on to his son Moroni.

Life history

According to Mormon's record in the Book of Mormon,[1] he was born in about A.D. 311 and was named after his father. At about the age of ten, he was visited by Ammaron and given instructions on where to find the sacred engravings of the Nephite prophets and on what to engrave upon them.[2] At the age of eleven, Mormon was taken to the land of Zarahemla by his father.[3]

Mormon writes that at age fifteen he was visited by Jesus Christ.[4]

At age fifteen (or "in his sixteenth year"), Mormon became the leader of the Nephite armies,[5] and fought against the Lamanites in many battles thereafter.

Mormon went to the hill (called Shim) at about the age of 24, as instructed by Ammaron [6], to take and abridge the Nephite records.[7]

In A.D. 362, Mormon writes that he "utterly refuse[d] be a commander and a leader" to the Nephites "because of their wickedness and abomination."[8] However, about thirteen years later, Mormon decided to return as commander of the Nephite armies as they were being badly beaten by the Lamanites.[9]

Upon returning, Mormon again led them in battle against the Lamanites until the entire destruction of the Nephite nation, which took place as a result of a huge battle fought between the two groups in 385.[10] The prophet Moroni, Mormon's son to whom he delivered the Golden Plates, records that Mormon was killed by the Lamanites (presumably in A.D. 385 or shortly thereafter). As the last prophet and keeper of the record, Moroni is said to have become the angel or messenger who revealed the location of the Golden Plates to Joseph Smith in 1823.[11][12]


  1. "The Book of Mormon,". The Book of Mormon. Salt Lake City: Corporation of the President of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. 1985. pp. 469–87. 
  2. Mormon 1:25, Ibid.
  3. Mormon 1:6, Ibid.
  4. Mormon 1:15, Ibid.
  5. Mormon 2:1-2, Ibid.
  6. Mormon 1:3
  7. Mormon 2:17-18, Ibid.
  8. Mormon 3:11, Ibid.
  9. Mormon 5:12, Ibid.
  10. Mormon 8, Ibid.
  11. Mormon 8:3, Ibid.
  12. Joseph Smith—History 1:27-54

See also

Preceded by
unknown during the early 300s; previously no one; eventually Gidgiddoni
Nephite military leader
A.D. 327-362
Succeeded by
unknown; eventually himself
Preceded by
unknown; eventually himself
Nephite military leader
c. A.D. 375-385
Preceded by
Nephite record keeper
A.D. 345 - ?
Succeeded by

External links

This page uses content from the English Wikipedia. The original article was at Mormon (prophet). The list of authors can be seen in the page history.