Religion Wiki

Seal of the Ecumenical Patriarchate of Constantinople

St Sophia's Church, Sydney, Australia

The Greek Orthodox Church (Greek: Ελληνορθόδοξη Εκκλησία, Hellēnorthódoxē Ekklēsía) is the body of several churches[1][2][3] within the larger communion of the Orthodox Church, sharing a common cultural tradition and whose liturgy is traditionally conducted in Koine Greek,[4] the original language of the New Testament.[5]

Churches where the Greek Orthodox term is applicable

The churches where the Greek Orthodox term is applicable are:

the four ancient Patriarchates:

two national autocephalous churches:


and four eparchies of the Ecumenical Patriarchate of Constantinople:

The Orthodox Church of Albania, whose liturgy is conducted in Koine Greek only in certain areas of Albania, has also been incorrectly described as the Greek Orthodox Church of Albania,[17][18][19] however the church is autocephalous since 1922 and its autocephaly recognized by the Patriarcate in 1937.

Note: The Greek Orthodox Archdiocese of America should not be confused with the Orthodox Church in America, whose autocephaly—granted by the Russian Orthodox Church—is not recognized by the Ecumenical Patriarchate of Constantinople and many other churches of the Eastern Orthodox Communion.

History of the term

Historically the term Greek Orthodox has also been used to describe all Eastern Orthodox Churches, since the word "Greek" in the phrase "Greek Orthodox" can be used to refer to the Greek heritage[20][21][22] of the Byzantine Empire. Since during 8 centuries of Christian history most major intellectual, cultural, and social developments in the Christian church took place within the Empire or in the sphere of its influence,[23][24][25] thus, most parts of the liturgy, traditions, and practices of the church of Constantinople were adopted by all and still provide the basic patterns of contemporary Orthodoxy.[26][27][28] The term "Greek" was however abandoned by Slavic and other national orthodox churches,[29][30] who had proceeded to assist to the purposes of their peoples national awakenings, from as early as the 10th century A.D.[31][32][33]

See also


  1. Demetrios J. Constantelos, Understanding the Greek Orthodox Church, Holy Cross Orthodox Press 3rd edition (March 28, 2005)
  2. L. Rushton, Doves and magpies: village women in the Greek Orthodox Church Women's religious experience, Croom Helm, 1983
  3. Paul Yuzyk, The Ukrainian Greek Orthodox Church of Canada, 1918-1951, University of Ottawa Press, 1981
  4. Demetrios J. Constantelos, The Greek Orthodox Church: faith, history, and practice, Seabury Press, 1967
  5. Daniel B. Wallace: "Greek Grammar Beyond the Basics: An Exegetical Syntax of the New Testament, page 12,".,M1.  Zondervan, 1997.
  6. "Ecumenical Patriarchate". Retrieved 2009-03-09. 
  7. "The official web site of Greek Orthodox Patriarchate of Alexandria and All Africa". Retrieved 2009-03-09. 
  8. "Greek Orthodox Church Of Antioch And All The East". Retrieved 2009-03-09. 
  9. "Jerusalem Patriarchate". Retrieved 2009-03-09. 
  10. "Ecclesia - The Web Site of the Church of Greece". Retrieved 2009-03-09. 
  11. "Church of Cyprus" (in Greek). Retrieved 2009-03-09. 
  12. "The Holy Monastery of the God-trodden Mount Sinai, Saint Catherine’s Monastery". Retrieved 2009-03-09. 
  13. "Archdiocese of Thyateira and Great Britain - Home". Retrieved 2009-03-11. 
  14. "The Holy Orthodox Archdiocese of Italy and Malta". Retrieved 2009-03-11. 
  15. "Greek Orthodox Archdiocese of America". Retrieved 2009-03-09. 
  16. "Greek Orthodox Archdiocese of Australia". Retrieved 2009-03-09. 
  17. Victor Roudometof, Collective memory, national identity, and ethnic conflict, Greenwood Press , 2002
  18. Presveia (U.S.). Grapheio Typou kai Plerophorion, Published by Foto Olympic, 1995
  19. Assembly of Captive European Nations 1956, ACEN (Organization), 1956
  20. Byzantium in Encyclopedia of historians and historical writing Vol. 1, Kelly Boyd (ed.), Fitzroy Dearborn publishers, 1999 ISBN 9781884964336
  21. Edwin Pears, The destruction of the Greek Empire and the story of the capture of Constantinople by the Turks, Haskell House, 1968
  22. Millar, Fergus (2006). A Greek Roman Empire : power and belief under Theodosius II (408-450). University of California Press. p. 279 pages. ISBN 0520247035. 
  23. Tanner, Norman P. The Councils of the Church, ISBN 0824519043
  24. The Byzantine legacy in the Orthodox Church‎ by John Meyendorff - 1982
  25. Millar, Fergus (2006). A Greek Roman Empire : power and belief under Theodosius II (408-450). University of California Press. p. 279 pages. ISBN 0520247035. 
  26. Hugh Wybrew, The Orthodox liturgy: the development of the eucharistic liturgy in the Byzantine rite - 1990
  27. The Christian Churches of the East, Vol. II: Churches Not in Communion with Rome‎ by Donald Attwater - 1962
  28. J Meyendorff, Byzantine Theology: Historical Trends and Doctrinal Themes (1987)
  29. Joan Mervyn Hussey, The Orthodox Church in the Byzantine Empire, 1990
  30. A. P. Vlasto, Entry of Slavs Christendom‎ - 1970
  31. Andreĭ Lazarov Pantev, Bŭlgarska istorii︠a︡ v evropeĭski kontekst‎ - 2000
  32. Joan Mervyn Hussey, The Orthodox Church in the Byzantine Empire, 1990
  33. A. P. Vlasto, Entry of Slavs Christendom‎ - 1970

eo:Greke ortodoksa eklezio ja:ギリシャ正教 pt:Igreja Ortodoxa Grega uk:Грецька православна церква