"Generations of Adam" is a concept in Hebrew Bible. It is typically taken as name of Adam's line of descent going through Seth. Another view equates the generations of Adam with material about a second line of descent starting with Cain in Genesis 4, while Genesis 5 is taken as the "generations of Noah".in the
Seth and Cain
Both the Cainite and the Sethite lines begin with Adam and end with the name Lamech. The Lamech descended from Cain is described as the father of Yaval and Yuval (from his first wife Ada) and Tuval Kayin and Na'ama (from his second wife, Tzelah). The Lamech at descended from Seth is described as the father of Noah.
The Sethite line also gives ages at fatherhood and at death. In the Masoretic text, ages at death range from 365 (Enoch) to 969 (Methuselah), placing the text in the category of longevity narratives. The Septuagint and Samaritan Pentateuch differ somewhat in the ages given; in the Septuagint, the age at fatherhood is often 100 years later than that in the Masoretic text, extending the genealogy by several centuries.
The word "generations", toldoth, appears 11 times in Genesis, providing a natural division of the book into nine to twelve narratives. Though the term is often taken as referring forward in the text, so that the "generations of Adam" refers to material in Henry M. Morris proposed a detailed system in which the term is a delimiter that generally refers backward, where the "book of generations of Adam" is literally the prior text, , handed down from the patriarchs to Moses. With the generations of Ishmael and Esau being exceptions as interpolations in material attributed to their brothers Isaac and Jacob respectively, this assigns each division to an author appropriate to it.,
Because Methuselah has the oldest age appearing in the bible, the name "Methuselah" has become a general reference to longevity.
The enigmatic description given to Enoch is that he "walked with God, and was not", suggesting bodily translation to heaven and leading to speculation and lore such as the second-century BC Book of Enoch, which is canonical in Coptic Christianity.
|Adam||"Man", masculine of adamah, "earth", "ground".|
|Seth||"Appointed one" (), from shith.|
|Enos||"Mortal frailty", from anash, "sick", "frail", "mournful", "melancholy", "wicked". By analogy to anashim (cf. ben Yehuda, Aramaic Enosh in Daniel), may denote "peoples", alluding to the spreading forth of the population in his day.|
|Cainan||"Smith"; or "habitation", "possession", "lot", from primitive root qen, "birdsnest".|
|Mahalaleel||"God be praised", from primitive root "shining forth" and El, "God".|
|Jared||"Descent", from primitive verb "come down", "prostrate", perhaps alluding to the Watchers that wrongfully descended from heaven among men in his day and led them astray in the Book of Enoch.|
|Enoch||"Dedication", "discipling", "teaching", from primitive root "train up".|
|Methuselah||"When he dies, judgment", from muth, "death", and shelach, "send forth", "rest"; or "man of the dart", "spear", "sword", from math, "man", and shelach, "sword"; or "man sent forth"; or "from him sent forth", from me-otho, "from him".|
|Lamech||"Conqueror", from melekh, "king"; "captive", "slave", "pauper", by relationship to same root.|
|Noah||"Rest", "comfort", from primitive root nuch, "rest".|
Seth to Cain
Form critics consider the two lines as corruptions of one tradition. Both the similarities and the differences between lines are significant and do not admit simple explanation:
|Sethite line||Cainite line|
|Enos (mortal)||Adam (mankind)|
|Mehalaleel||Enoch (or Mehujael?)|
|Enoch||Mehujael (or Enoch?)|
|Methuselah||"Methuselah" (per Septuagint)|
Seth to Sumer
Both the Sethite line and the antediluvian Sumerian king list have ten names prior to a flood and speak of exceptional longevity that significantly diminishes after the flood. However, tentative homologies between the names on the two lists, besides possibly Adapa and Adam, are matters of dispute.
- Genesis Patriarchs - FamilyPedia Genealogy of Adam
- Morris, Henry M. (1976). The Genesis Record: A Scientific and Devotional Commentary on the Book of Beginnings. Grand Rapids, Michigan: Baker Book House. pp. 26-32.
- Morris, Henry M. (1976). The Genesis Record: A Scientific and Devotional Commentary on the Book of Beginnings. Grand Rapids, Michigan: Baker Book House. pp. 152, 155.
|This page uses content from the English Wikipedia. The original article was at Generations of Adam. The list of authors can be seen in the page history.|