Elkanah (Hebrew:אֱלְקָנָה) (meaning: God has purchased) was, according to the Books of Samuel, the husband of Hannah, and the father of her children including her first, Samuel. Elkanah is a bigamist, his other wife, less favoured but bearing more children, was named Peninnah. The names of Elkanah's other children apart from Samuel are not given. Elkanah plays only a minor role in the narrative, and is mostly a supporting character to Eli, Hannah, and Samuel.
Elkanah was the son of Jeroham, who was the son of Elihu, who was the son of Tohu, who was the son of Zuph. Elkanah is described as having originated from Zuph, specifically Ramathaim-Zophim, which was part of the tribal lands of Ephraim; however, the Books of Chronicles state that he was a Levite living amongst Ephraim rather than a member of Ephraim itself.
The Talmud lists him as a prophet, along with his wife and son.
He was the son of Jeroham, the son of Elihu, the son of Tohu, the son of Zuph.
- 1 Chronicles 6:16-30
- 1 Samuel 1:1