Closed communion is the practice in some Christian churches of offering communion (also, Holy Eucharist, Lord's Supper) only to members of the same denomination or congregation (though few churches restrict communion to only members of the congregation). The reason for practicing closed communion is generally due to differing beliefs about the meaning and nature of Holy Communion among denominations.
Churches that practice closed communion
- Catholic Church: The Catholic Church normally restricts communion to Catholics in good standing (i.e. not in mortal sin and not excommunicated). On certain occasions members of other churches with valid holy orders and identical beliefs about the Eucharist are admitted to communion. In extrenuating situations, any Christian can receive the Eucharist if they demonstrate a Catholic understanding of it.
- Some Baptists
- Confessional Lutherans
- Jehovah's Witnesses (Though their status as true Christians is debated)
- Real presence
- Open communion