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This article is regarding the pre-Schism Orthodox Church of Rome. For the post-Schism body, see Roman Catholic Church.

The Church of Rome was part of the ancient Pentarchy and the only apostolic see founded in the West. Until roughly 1054, the usual center-point for the Great Schism, the Church of Rome was in full communion with the rest of the Orthodox Church. The Church in Rome was founded by Sts. Peter and Paul. This is clear to any reader of the Acts of the Apostles and the Epistle of St. Paul to the Romans. St. Linus (+ c. 78), is the first bishop (pope) and a martyr. A disciple of the Apostle Paul, he was consecrated by him. One of the Seventy Apostles, he is mentioned in 2 Timothy 4, 21. He was the bishop for about twelve years and may have been martyred.

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