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Yehosef Bar Kayafa, also known simply as Caiaphas (Greek Καϊάφας) in the New Testament, was the Jewish high priest who organized the plot to kill Jesus.

As alleged by the New Testament Writers, Caiaphas convinced the Jewish priests and Pharisees that Jesus should die and was also involved in the trial of Jesus after his arrest in the garden of Gethsemane. Although Caiaphas and the rest of the people who crucified Jesus were only a small fraction of the whole Jewish people, passages involving Caiaphas are among those cited by those claiming a Biblical justification for anti-Semitism.

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