Arpachshad, born two years after the Great Flood, was the son of Shem.
According to Genesis, Arpachshad became the father of Shelah at the age of 35, and lived to be 438. He was the brother of Elam, Asshur, Lud, and Aram. According to 1 Chronicles, Arpachshad was also the brother of Uz, Hul, Gether and Meshech.
According to the Book of Jubilees (accepted by the Oriental Orthodoxy), Arpachsad was also the father of Ura and Kesed, who founded Ur of the Chaladees (the city where Abraham was born).