Anglican Use has two meanings. First, it refers to former congregations of the Anglican Communion who have joined the Catholic Church (Latin Rite in particular) while maintaining some of the features of Anglicanism. These parishes were formerly members of the Episcopal Church in the United States of America and were allowed to join the Catholic Church under the Pastoral Provision of 1980 issued by Pope John Paul II. Anglican Use parishes currently exist only in the United States. Many Anglican Use priests are former clergy of the Episcopal Church and most are married.
Second, Anglican Use refers to the particular form of worship used by those churches, which can be found in the Book of Divine Worship. The liturgy can be used outside of Anglican Use parishes with the proper permission from the local Roman Catholic bishop.
Officially a variation of the widely used Roman Rite, the Anglican Use liturgy reflects many influences, including the Sarum Use, the English Missal, and the 1928 and 1979 versions of the Episcopal Book of Common Prayer, as well as the Roman Missal. The regular Sunday Mass is based on a 16th-century translation of the Latin Tridentine Mass and is similar to high Anglican and Anglo-Catholic services. Distinctive features of such masses include 16th century English (e.g., "thee" and "thou"), greater use of incense and bell-ringing, the altar placed against the eastern wall, celebration of Solemn High Mass with the assistance of a deacon and subdeacon, and more traditional music, chants, and English hymns. Gender roles are also more traditional. All ceremonies are performed in English.
The adapted liturgy of the Anglican Use is contained in the Book of Divine Worship.
Anglican Use was created following the Pastoral Provision issued by Pope John Paul II in 1980. In addition to establishing the liturgy and allowing for the parishes, the Pastoral Provision permits the ordination of married men into the priesthood of the Latin Rite of the Catholic Church.
The Pastoral Provision and the permission to celebrate the Anglican Use are not necessarily linked. Not all former Episcopal clergy have permission to celebrate using Anglican Use.
Anglican Use is a particular form of worship within the western Latin Rite of the Catholic Church. The Latin Rite includes the widely practiced and most common Roman Rite as well as Anglican Use, the Ambrosian Rite of Milan, the Mozarabic Rite in parts of Spain, Zaire Use in some parts of Africa, and other liturgical forms. The Catholic Church also includes several Eastern Catholic Churches, which are alongside the Latin Rite but not within it.
Anglican Use should not be confused with Anglo-Catholic liturgies performed by parishes either within the Anglican Communion or in the Continuing Anglican Movement. These parishes are not in communion with the Roman Catholic Church. Many of these churches use the description Catholic because they differentiate being Roman Catholic and being Catholic, using the "universal" meaning of "catholic".
Other former Episcopal and Anglican parishes have left Anglican denominations for Western Rite Orthodoxy and have become part of the Russian Orthodox Church Outside Russia or the Antiochian Western Rite Vicariate.
Anglican Use parishes are rare and are found only in certain dioceses of the United States. Any Anglican parish seeking to join the Catholic Church and become Anglican Use parishes must have the permission of the local Catholic bishop. Some Anglican parishes in Canada and the UK have applied to become Anglican Use but have been refused permission.
However, as of November 16, 2009, upon the request of numerous Anglican communities throughout, this has been radically changed by Pope Benedict XVI's Apostolic Constitution ANGLICANORUM COETIBU where upon a personal ordinariate has been created specifically for any Anglican communities desiring communion with the Vatican. In practice, creating a worldwide ordinariate directed by a priestly ordinary within this Anglican Use "diocese" within the Latin Rite of the Catholic Church- similar in structure to that of the US Archdiocese for the Military Services, on a worldwide basis.
Parishes and missions
Listed by city and state.
- California AU Catholic Laity, St. Francis of Assisi Church, La Quinta, California
- Atlanta Area AU Catholic Laity, Dunwoody, Georgia
- St. Athanasius Congregation, Boston, Massachusetts 
- St. Thomas More Society, St. Clare Church, Scranton, Pennsylvania 
- St. Mary the Virgin, Arlington, Texas 
- St. Margaret of Scotland, Austin, Texas
- St. Anselm of Canterbury Catholic Mission, Corpus Christi, Texas 
- St. Thomas More Fort Worth, Texas
- Our Lady of Walsingham, Houston, Texas 
- Our Lady of the Atonement, San Antonio, Texas 
- Book of Divine Worship
- Pastoral Provision
- Unitatis Redintegratio
- Sarum Rite
- Western Rite Orthodoxy
- Personal ordinariate
- Anglican Use Society
- Pastoral Provision
- The Book of Divine Worship (BDW)
- Online version of Anglican Use Mass, Rite 1, according to the BDW
- Online version of the Daily Office from the BDW
- Unitatis Redintegratio, Decree from Second Vatican Council
- Document establishing the Anglican Use, July 22, 1980
- A Place Has Been Prepared: "Anglican Use" Catholic Parishes (article)
- Historical documents on Anglican-Roman Catholic relations
- Text of the Anglican Use Mass