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The 7th century BC consists of the years 700-601 BC.

Events

  • 623 BC. Reform of Josiah: Hilkiah the priest discovers in the Temple a missing Torah scroll that many scholars believe was Deuteronomy. (2 Kings 22-23; 2 Chronicles 34-35). According to the Documentary hypothesis, this is when the Deuteronomic History (Deuteronomy-2 Kings) was written.
  • 612 BC Sinsharishkun, King of Assyria, dies in Battle with Babylonia. Destruction of Nineveh by Babylonian forces, as predicted by the prophet Nahum.
  • 609 BC.King Josiah of Judah dies in the Battle of Megiddo against Pharaoh Necho II of Egypt, who is on his way north to aid the rump Assyrian state of Ashur-uballit II.
  • 609 BC, Babylonia defeats Assyria.

Kings of Judah

Prophets

  • Joel, c. 835 BC-796 BC (oldest date) or 775 BC-725 BC (middle date).
  • Nahum, c. 700 BC
  • Zephaniah, c. 630 BC
  • Jeremiah, 628 BC - 586 BC
  • Habbakuk, c. 605 BC

Sources

  • Kings: E. R. Thiele, The Mysterious Numbers of the Hebrew Kings.
  • Prophets: Wikipedia, 1 & 2 Kings
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